Rajasthan

Partners

  • Hanuman Van Vikas Samiti, Jagran Jan Vikas Samiti, Prayatna Samiti, Samarthak Samiti and Society for Promotion of Wastelands Development (SPWD) in Udaipur districts, known together as the Jaisamand Consortium
  • Foundation for Ecological Security in Udaipur, Pratapgarh and Bhilwara districts

Drought is a normal feature of Rajasthan. During the last 15-20 years, more than half the period was affected by drought, with drought being continuous between 1998-2004. To make matters worse, as it were, on the one hand towns require more and more water, on the other, existing irrigated areas are under pressure. Irrigation water to Sarada Block of Udaipur District, which is a part of the Jaisamand command area, was affected because of the drought and supply of drinking water to Udaipur from Jaisamand Lake. The situation in the catchment areas is even more precarious. Over the years a steady decline in the water tables has been observed. SPWD started working in Jaisamand catchment area in the 1990s with its partner organizations and the efforts of the Jaisamand Consortium are directed at leveraging MGNREGA for treatment of the Jaisamand Catchment. They aim to demonstrate through pilots focussing on some villages what the possibilities in this direction are.

    • Relentless awareness campaigns with the village community to make them aware of their right to work and to organize them so that they ask for work resulted in a rise in work applications by a factor of 2.74.
Worksite facilities in the Jaisamand Consortium villages

Worksite facilities in the Jaisamand Consortium villages

  • Persistent follow-up with the Panchayat samitis helped in ensuring all the assured facilities in the Jaisamand Consortium and FES operating Panchayats although there were numerous hurdles during the initial stages.
  • In all villages and panchayats there was a dramatic rise in works sanctioned and implemented rose dramatically.
  • In all villages covered by the network, work worth Rs.4.07 crores was sanctioned under MGNREGA as a result of efforts of partners. 
  • In HVVS, the number of works sanctioned increased by 133% while those implemented increased by 257%. In JJVS villages, the works sanctiond and implemented registered a 357% and 358% rise respectively.
  • In all organizations, the share of NRM centred works in the work plan registered a rise too. For instance, the share of NRM works in sanctioned works in HVVS villages showed a rise of 63% while those in JJVS villages showed a rise of 383%. 
  • The share of NRM works in works implemented showed a rise 300% in HVVS villages and 211% in JJVS villages.
Work in progress

Work in progress

Work in progress

A field channel (Ghaura) constructed in Bhalokaguda GP in Girwa

 

  • Partners have helped Gram Panchayats prepare action plans worth Rs.10.33 crores focussing on  land levelling, water harvesting, farm bunding, anicut construction and rural roads. They have been prepared through a process of dialogue and engagement with the village community and have been formally ratified by the gram sabha in each case.
  • The state resource group members have also initiated micro-plan preparation in other Gram Panchayats of four districts in action research mode on the basis of learnings from the pilot exercise conducted by Jaisamand consortium.
The Jaisamand Consortium is further planning to incorporate sustainable livelihood perspectives with ecological focus in MGNREGA planning at Gram Panchayat and Block level in collaboration with primary stakeholders of the programme. To perform functions of design and delivery of the services directly or through facilitation linkages with existing government programmes in general and MGNREGA in particular, a Village Resource Center (VRC) is established each at GP, cluster of GPs and Block level. SPWD and its partner organizations are operating the VRC in the Jaisamand catchment area to empower local communities for management of local resources to support their livelihoods. The VRC platform is used to provide technical backstopping to the community members and PRI functionaries. Experiences of the VRC are shared and micro-plan preparation is done in action research mode. It is envisaged that VRC acts as a platform to share experiences of micro-planning and provide interactive advisories to local communities for watershed planning, land-use planning, water resources management, wasteland development, soil health management, consideration of ecological aspects, crops, diseases, fertilizer/pesticide, seeds, organic farming, horticulture, livestock management, interactions with elected PRI representatives, SHGs, micro-enterprise, marketing, RTI, government schemes etc.
    • In Bhilwara, a financial and administrative sanction has been received by Foundation for Ecological Security for a proposal for the development of 567 ha pasture land and for soil and moisture conservation measures to be implemented on 585 hectares of common lands across 23 villages of 10 Panchayats. FES is mandated to assist the Panchayats in effective implementation and governance of their natural resources through better utilization of funds allocated under MGNREGA. 
    • On the advice of the District Collector and District Planning Officer Bhilwara, FES submitted a proposal of Rs. 2.54 Crore under NREGA. A detailed technical estimate and technical sanction was  also submitted to the Collector, Bhilwara. The Plan includes:
      • Development of pastureland plots in 567 ha of the total available pastureland and,
      • undertaking soil and moisture conservation measures on 585 hectares of common lands spread across 17 villages under 10 Panchayats
    • In Pratapgarh , FES is working 5 GPs. It has supported these panchayats in preparation of plans and a total budget of Rs.28.50 lakhs was leveraged by FES for these panchayats.
    • Mainly, the following activities were planned after a careful assessment of the resources and needs of the villages:
      • Pond Construction and Deepening
      • Anicut desiltation and deepening
      • Well excavation

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